Open Access glossary and FAQ

Open Access Glossary

Article Processing Charge (APC) The fee charged for publishing an article Gold OA within the journal.
Author Accepted Manuscript (AAM) The post-peer review, accepted paper, but before any copy-editing or typesetting is done by the publisher.
Author Original Manuscript (AOM) See Submitted Manuscript.
Commercial subject repository/

researcher social network

Online networking and research database not specific to subjects and owned by commercial entity. (Examples are researchgate, menderley, academia.edu)
CC-BY licence

 

 

 

 

Anyone is free to share — copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format.

Anyone is free to adapt — remix, transform, and build upon the material

Appropriate credit must be given to the author.

The license must be linked to.

Commercial re-use is allowed.

CC-BY-NC licence

 

 

 

 

Anyone is free to share — copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format.

Anyone is free to adapt — remix, transform, and build upon the material

Appropriate credit must be given to the author.

The license must be linked to.

Commercial re-use is not allowed without permission.

CC-BY-NC-ND licence

 

 

 

 

Anyone is free to share — copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format.

Appropriate credit must be given to the author.

The license must be linked to.

Commercial re-use is not allowed without permission.

Remixing, transforming, and building upon the material are not allowed without permission.

Deposit See Self-Archive.
DOI Digital Object Identifier
Institutional repository Digital repository owned and managed by the university that employs the author.
Metadata In the context of repositories, metadata is the publication name, title of paper, authors etc, and DOI and ORCID if available.
Non-commercial subject repository Online database of articles/chapters accessed only by members of a specific research subject community, for non-commercial gains. (Examples are SSRN, Econlit, institutional profile page)
Pre-print A draft of an academic article or other publication before it has been submitted for peer-review or other quality assurance procedure as part of the publication process. Preprints cover initial and successive drafts of articles, working papers or draft conference papers. (Definition from sherpa.ac.uk)
Post-production version See Version of Record.
Publisher’s Version See Version of Record.
Self-Archive Posting a version of an article or chapter within a repository. The version of the article or chapter that can be archived, and any applicable embargo, will depend on the publisher’s policy. (Please note that some mandates/embargoes will only allow for the posting of metadata, not the full text)
Submitted Manuscript The version of an academic article that has been submitted to a journal and is being reviewed, but has not yet been revised or accepted by the Editor.
Version of Record (VoR) This is the final version made available by the publisher in the journal/book. It includes the ‘ahead of press’ version made available online before the journal issue is published.

 

FAQs

How much does Gold OA cost?

The 2015 charge to publish an article as Gold OA in the MUP Open programme is currently £950. This fee has been set to cover the costs associated with production and to allow for the reduction of subscription prices as outlined below.

Authors interested in publishing their article as Gold OA should contact the Journals Manager after their article has been accepted by the editor. An invoice will be sent to the author or their institution or funder as required. Payment must be received before the article has published online.

Note that VAT (value-added tax) will be applied to the APC for authors resident in the European Union. VAT will be charged at the rate that applies in the author’s country.

Manchester University Press is committed to not charging institutions twice for OA content, in the form of APCs and annual subscriptions (often referred to as ‘double dipping’). The annual subscription will be reduced each year to reflect the quantity of OA articles published in the preceding year.

For example, if 5% of the articles published by Journal X in 2015 were OA, then the subscription price for 2017 will be reduced by 5%. 2016 prices cannot be adjusted as the rates for 2016 will be set in mid-2015, when it is too early to know how much content will be published OA during the year. (Note that inflationary price rises will still take effect.)

Adjustments to prices based on OA content will be advertised on our website.

What if I cannot afford the APC to publish in the MUP Open programme?

Many funders and institutions have funds available to pay APCs for articles.

If no funding is available, the article will be published on a subscription basis. Articles can still be made OA through the Green route by depositing the AM in an institutional or non-commercial subject repository. See the note about Green OA above.

What can people do with my content?

Authors have the choice of the following three licences for their Gold OA articles (but note that the mandates from universities and grant funders may stipulate which licence to be used).

CC-BY-NC-ND: Creative Commons attribution, non-commercial, no derivatives. The article or book can be copied and shared freely, without the author’s (or MUP’s) permission. Any reuse must credit the author, and cannot be for commercial purposes. Any reuse must use the article in its entirety, and users cannot remix, change or build upon the article without permission from the author.

Users can, of course, request permission to use the article for commercial or derivative purposes. Any such requests should be forwarded to MUP, who deal with all copyright, permissions and piracy issues on behalf of the authors. Contact [email protected].

CC-BY-NC-ND licence is most commonly used for books.

CC-BY-NC: Creative Commons attribution, non-commercial. The article or book can be copied and shared freely, without the author’s (or MUP’s) permission. Any reuse must credit the author, and cannot be for commercial purposes.

Users can, of course, request permission to use the article for commercial purposes. Any such requests should be forwarded to MUP, who deal with all copyright, permissions and piracy issues on behalf of the authors. Contact [email protected].

CC-BY: Attribution. The article or book can be copied and shared in any medium or format and remixed, changed and built upon, even commercially. Permission from the author (copyright holder) is not required but the author must be credited in any reuse.

More information on Creative Commons licenses can be found here.

If there is any doubt as to the licence that should be used, the author can contact the Journals Manager or seek advice from their funder.

What if my article contains content from other publications?

Where authors have obtained permission to reproduce items in their article from other copyright owners, it is important that permission has been granted to allow it to be published under the article licence (e.g. CC-BY). If such permission has not been explicitly granted this must be made clear on the item. For example, a figure caption should state:

This figure ©<name>. <full citation>. All rights reserved and permission to use the figure must be obtained from the copyright holder

How are Gold OA articles identified?

An Open Access logo will appear next to the article title in the issue table of contents and on the abstract page.

Can a published article be converted to Gold OA?

Yes, articles published under the subscription model can be converted to Gold OA on payment of the standard APC and signature of a new licence to publish. Contact MUP’s  Journals Manager for more details.

Are Gold OA articles peer-reviewed?

Yes, all articles published in the MUP Open programme undergo the same rigorous peer review as those articles available on a subscription basis.

Surely the payment for Gold OA will bias the editorial decision?

Editors are not involved in the invoicing and payment process, and make their publishing decisions regardless of the author choice for subscription, Gold or Green OA.

Are there any special requirements for depositing the AAM in a repository?

We ask that the following notice is added to the AM when it is deposited in a repository. This can be done on a title page or in a footer on the first page.

The definitive, Version of Record of this article is published in:

[Author(s)], [year], [Title of article], [Journal], [Volume number]:[Issue number], [page number]-[page number], DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7227/XXXX

© [year] Author(s). Published by Manchester University Press.

Why can’t I deposit the VoR in a repository?

MUP invests considerable time and money in editing and typesetting an article after acceptance. We are happy for people to access the AAM, but we need to protect our investment in the VoR either through subscription revenues, or payment of APCs. By protecting our income we can continue to support the journals we publish.

What is an embargo period?

This is the time between publication of your article in the journal (the date-of-issue publication or online ahead-of-print publication), and when you may make the AAM available in a repository. At MUP we do not require an embargo period, and you may make your article (the AM) available in a repository at the time of publication.

What is double dipping?

This describes a situation where an author (or their institution or funder) pays an APC to make an article free but the journal’s subscription price is not decreased. This effectively means that an institution is paying twice for the same content. We are wholly against this practice and are committed to reducing the subscription price of a journal in proportion to the amount of OA content published in the previous year.

For example, if 5% of the articles published by Journal X in 2015 were OA, then the subscription price for 2017 will be reduced by 5%. 2016 prices cannot be adjusted as the rates for 2016 will be set in mid-2015, when it is too early to know how much content will be published OA during the year. (Note that inflationary price rises will still take effect.)

Someone has republished my article without permission – help!

If you published your article Gold OA, under a CC-BY licence, then they are allowed to do this because the licence allows for people to use your article (even for commercial reasons) without asking permission. If you published under a CC-BY-NC licence, they can also republish your article, but they must ask your permission first if it is for commercial reason. However, they must fully attribute you and cite the article. If you have not published under this licence, or you feel that they are infringing your copyright or other rights, then please contact MUP. It is our responsibility to investigate the matter on your behalf.

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